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md5.c

/*
 * Heirloom mailx - a mail user agent derived from Berkeley Mail.
 *
 * Copyright (c) 2000-2004 Gunnar Ritter, Freiburg i. Br., Germany.
 */
/*
 * Derived from RFC 1321:
 */
/* MD5C.C - RSA Data Security, Inc., MD5 message-digest algorithm
 */

/* Copyright (C) 1991-2, RSA Data Security, Inc. Created 1991. All
rights reserved.

License to copy and use this software is granted provided that it
is identified as the "RSA Data Security, Inc. MD5 Message-Digest
Algorithm" in all material mentioning or referencing this software
or this function.

License is also granted to make and use derivative works provided
that such works are identified as "derived from the RSA Data
Security, Inc. MD5 Message-Digest Algorithm" in all material
mentioning or referencing the derived work.

RSA Data Security, Inc. makes no representations concerning either
the merchantability of this software or the suitability of this
software for any particular purpose. It is provided "as is"
without express or implied warranty of any kind.

These notices must be retained in any copies of any part of this
documentation and/or software.
 */

/*    Sccsid @(#)md5.c  1.8 (gritter) 3/4/06    */

#include "rcv.h"
#include "md5.h"

/*
 * Constants for MD5Transform routine.
 */
#define S11 7
#define S12 12
#define S13 17
#define S14 22
#define S21 5
#define S22 9
#define S23 14
#define S24 20
#define S31 4
#define S32 11
#define S33 16
#define S34 23
#define S41 6
#define S42 10
#define S43 15
#define S44 21

static void MD5Transform(md5_type state[], unsigned char block[]);
static void Encode(unsigned char *output, md5_type *input, unsigned int len);
static void Decode(md5_type *output, unsigned char *input, unsigned int len);

static unsigned char PADDING[64] = {
  0x80, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,
  0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,
  0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0
};

/*
 * F, G, H and I are basic MD5 functions.
 */
#define     F(x, y, z)  ((x) & (y) | ~(x) & (z))
#define     G(x, y, z)  ((x) & (z) | (y) & ~(z))
#define     H(x, y, z)  ((x) ^ (y) ^ (z))
#define     I(x, y, z)  ((y) ^ ((x) | ~(z)&0xffffffff))

/*
 * ROTATE_LEFT rotates x left n bits.
 */
#define     ROTATE_LEFT(x, n) ((x)<<(n) & 0xffffffff | (x) >> 32-(n))

/*
 * FF, GG, HH, and II transformations for rounds 1, 2, 3, and 4.
 * Rotation is separate from addition to prevent recomputation.
 */
#define FF(a, b, c, d, x, s, ac) { \
      (a) = (a) + F((b), (c), (d)) + (x) + ((ac)&0xffffffff) & 0xffffffff; \
      (a) = ROTATE_LEFT((a), (s)); \
      (a) = (a) + (b) & 0xffffffff; \
}

#define GG(a, b, c, d, x, s, ac) { \
      (a) = (a) + G((b), (c), (d)) + (x) + ((ac)&0xffffffff) & 0xffffffff; \
      (a) = ROTATE_LEFT((a), (s)); \
      (a) = (a) + (b) & 0xffffffff; \
}

#define HH(a, b, c, d, x, s, ac) { \
      (a) = (a) + H((b), (c), (d)) + (x) + ((ac)&0xffffffff) & 0xffffffff; \
      (a) = ROTATE_LEFT((a), (s)); \
      (a) = (a) + (b) & 0xffffffff; \
}

#define II(a, b, c, d, x, s, ac) { \
      (a) = (a) + I((b), (c), (d)) + (x) + ((ac)&0xffffffff) & 0xffffffff; \
      (a) = ROTATE_LEFT((a), (s)); \
      (a) = (a) + (b) & 0xffffffff; \
}

/*
 * MD5 initialization. Begins an MD5 operation, writing a new context.
 */
void 
MD5Init (
    MD5_CTX *context    /* context */
)
{
      context->count[0] = context->count[1] = 0;
      /*
       * Load magic initialization constants.
       */
      context->state[0] = 0x67452301;
      context->state[1] = 0xefcdab89;
      context->state[2] = 0x98badcfe;
      context->state[3] = 0x10325476;
}

/*
 * MD5 block update operation. Continues an MD5 message-digest
 * operation, processing another message block, and updating the
 * context.
 */
void 
MD5Update (
    MD5_CTX *context,         /* context */
    unsigned char *input,           /* input block */
    unsigned int inputLen           /* length of input block */
)
{
      unsigned int i, index, partLen;

      /* Compute number of bytes mod 64 */
      index = context->count[0]>>3 & 0x3F;

      /* Update number of bits */
      if ((context->count[0] = context->count[0] + (inputLen<<3) & 0xffffffff)
                  < (inputLen<<3 & 0xffffffff))
      context->count[1] = context->count[1] + 1 & 0xffffffff;
      context->count[1] = context->count[1] + (inputLen>>29) & 0xffffffff;

      partLen = 64 - index;

      /*
       * Transform as many times as possible.
       */
      if (inputLen >= partLen) {
            memcpy(&context->buffer[index], input, partLen);
            MD5Transform(context->state, context->buffer);

            for (i = partLen; i + 63 < inputLen; i += 64)
                  MD5Transform(context->state, &input[i]);

            index = 0;
      } else
            i = 0;

      /* Buffer remaining input */
      memcpy(&context->buffer[index], &input[i], inputLen-i);
}

/*
 * MD5 finalization. Ends an MD5 message-digest operation, writing the
 * the message digest and zeroizing the context.
 */
void 
MD5Final (
    unsigned char digest[16], /* message digest */
    MD5_CTX *context          /* context */
)
{
      unsigned char     bits[8];
      unsigned int      index, padLen;

      /* Save number of bits */
      Encode(bits, context->count, 8);

      /*
       * Pad out to 56 mod 64.
       */
      index = context->count[0]>>3 & 0x3f;
      padLen = index < 56 ? 56 - index : 120 - index;
      MD5Update(context, PADDING, padLen);

      /* Append length (before padding) */
      MD5Update(context, bits, 8);
      /* Store state in digest */
      Encode(digest, context->state, 16);

      /*
       * Zeroize sensitive information.
       */
      memset(context, 0, sizeof *context);
}

/* MD5 basic transformation. Transforms   state based on block.
 */
static void 
MD5Transform(md5_type state[4], unsigned char block[64])
{
      md5_type    a = state[0], b   = state[1], c = state[2], d = state[3],
                        x[16];

      Decode(x, block, 64);

      /* Round 1 */
      FF(a, b, c, d, x[ 0], S11, 0xd76aa478); /* 1 */
      FF(d, a, b, c, x[ 1], S12, 0xe8c7b756); /* 2 */
      FF(c, d, a, b, x[ 2], S13, 0x242070db); /* 3 */
      FF(b, c, d, a, x[ 3], S14, 0xc1bdceee); /* 4 */
      FF(a, b, c, d, x[ 4], S11, 0xf57c0faf); /* 5 */
      FF(d, a, b, c, x[ 5], S12, 0x4787c62a); /* 6 */
      FF(c, d, a, b, x[ 6], S13, 0xa8304613); /* 7 */
      FF(b, c, d, a, x[ 7], S14, 0xfd469501); /* 8 */
      FF(a, b, c, d, x[ 8], S11, 0x698098d8); /* 9 */
      FF(d, a, b, c, x[ 9], S12, 0x8b44f7af); /* 10 */
      FF(c, d, a, b, x[10], S13, 0xffff5bb1); /* 11 */
      FF(b, c, d, a, x[11], S14, 0x895cd7be); /* 12 */
      FF(a, b, c, d, x[12], S11, 0x6b901122); /* 13 */
      FF(d, a, b, c, x[13], S12, 0xfd987193); /* 14 */
      FF(c, d, a, b, x[14], S13, 0xa679438e); /* 15 */
      FF(b, c, d, a, x[15], S14, 0x49b40821); /* 16 */

      /* Round 2 */
      GG(a, b, c, d, x[ 1], S21, 0xf61e2562); /* 17 */
      GG(d, a, b, c, x[ 6], S22, 0xc040b340); /* 18 */
      GG(c, d, a, b, x[11], S23, 0x265e5a51); /* 19 */
      GG(b, c, d, a, x[ 0], S24, 0xe9b6c7aa); /* 20 */
      GG(a, b, c, d, x[ 5], S21, 0xd62f105d); /* 21 */
      GG(d, a, b, c, x[10], S22,  0x2441453); /* 22 */
      GG(c, d, a, b, x[15], S23, 0xd8a1e681); /* 23 */
      GG(b, c, d, a, x[ 4], S24, 0xe7d3fbc8); /* 24 */
      GG(a, b, c, d, x[ 9], S21, 0x21e1cde6); /* 25 */
      GG(d, a, b, c, x[14], S22, 0xc33707d6); /* 26 */
      GG(c, d, a, b, x[ 3], S23, 0xf4d50d87); /* 27 */
      GG(b, c, d, a, x[ 8], S24, 0x455a14ed); /* 28 */
      GG(a, b, c, d, x[13], S21, 0xa9e3e905); /* 29 */
      GG(d, a, b, c, x[ 2], S22, 0xfcefa3f8); /* 30 */
      GG(c, d, a, b, x[ 7], S23, 0x676f02d9); /* 31 */
      GG(b, c, d, a, x[12], S24, 0x8d2a4c8a); /* 32 */

      /* Round 3 */
      HH(a, b, c, d, x[ 5], S31, 0xfffa3942); /* 33 */
      HH(d, a, b, c, x[ 8], S32, 0x8771f681); /* 34 */
      HH(c, d, a, b, x[11], S33, 0x6d9d6122); /* 35 */
      HH(b, c, d, a, x[14], S34, 0xfde5380c); /* 36 */
      HH(a, b, c, d, x[ 1], S31, 0xa4beea44); /* 37 */
      HH(d, a, b, c, x[ 4], S32, 0x4bdecfa9); /* 38 */
      HH(c, d, a, b, x[ 7], S33, 0xf6bb4b60); /* 39 */
      HH(b, c, d, a, x[10], S34, 0xbebfbc70); /* 40 */
      HH(a, b, c, d, x[13], S31, 0x289b7ec6); /* 41 */
      HH(d, a, b, c, x[ 0], S32, 0xeaa127fa); /* 42 */
      HH(c, d, a, b, x[ 3], S33, 0xd4ef3085); /* 43 */
      HH(b, c, d, a, x[ 6], S34,  0x4881d05); /* 44 */
      HH(a, b, c, d, x[ 9], S31, 0xd9d4d039); /* 45 */
      HH(d, a, b, c, x[12], S32, 0xe6db99e5); /* 46 */
      HH(c, d, a, b, x[15], S33, 0x1fa27cf8); /* 47 */
      HH(b, c, d, a, x[ 2], S34, 0xc4ac5665); /* 48 */

      /* Round 4 */
      II(a, b, c, d, x[ 0], S41, 0xf4292244); /* 49 */
      II(d, a, b, c, x[ 7], S42, 0x432aff97); /* 50 */
      II(c, d, a, b, x[14], S43, 0xab9423a7); /* 51 */
      II(b, c, d, a, x[ 5], S44, 0xfc93a039); /* 52 */
      II(a, b, c, d, x[12], S41, 0x655b59c3); /* 53 */
      II(d, a, b, c, x[ 3], S42, 0x8f0ccc92); /* 54 */
      II(c, d, a, b, x[10], S43, 0xffeff47d); /* 55 */
      II(b, c, d, a, x[ 1], S44, 0x85845dd1); /* 56 */
      II(a, b, c, d, x[ 8], S41, 0x6fa87e4f); /* 57 */
      II(d, a, b, c, x[15], S42, 0xfe2ce6e0); /* 58 */
      II(c, d, a, b, x[ 6], S43, 0xa3014314); /* 59 */
      II(b, c, d, a, x[13], S44, 0x4e0811a1); /* 60 */
      II(a, b, c, d, x[ 4], S41, 0xf7537e82); /* 61 */
      II(d, a, b, c, x[11], S42, 0xbd3af235); /* 62 */
      II(c, d, a, b, x[ 2], S43, 0x2ad7d2bb); /* 63 */
      II(b, c, d, a, x[ 9], S44, 0xeb86d391); /* 64 */

      state[0] = state[0] + a & 0xffffffff;
      state[1] = state[1] + b & 0xffffffff;
      state[2] = state[2] + c & 0xffffffff;
      state[3] = state[3] + d & 0xffffffff;

      /*
       * Zeroize sensitive information.
       */
      memset(x, 0, sizeof x);
}

/*
 * Encodes input (md5_type) into output (unsigned char). Assumes len is
 * a multiple of 4.
 */
static void 
Encode(unsigned char *output, md5_type *input, unsigned int len)
{
      unsigned int i, j;

      for (i = 0, j = 0; j < len; i++, j += 4) {
            output[j] = input[i] & 0xff;
            output[j+1] = input[i]>>8 & 0xff;
            output[j+2] = input[i]>>16 & 0xff;
            output[j+3] = input[i]>> 24 & 0xff;
      }
}

/*
 * Decodes input (unsigned char) into output (md5_type). Assumes len is
 * a multiple of 4.
 */
static void 
Decode(md5_type *output, unsigned char *input, unsigned int len)
{
      unsigned int      i, j;

      for (i = 0, j = 0; j < len; i++, j += 4)
            output[i] = ((md5_type)input[j] |
                  (md5_type)input[j+1] << 8 |
                  (md5_type)input[j+2] << 16 |
                  (md5_type)input[j+3] << 24) & 0xffffffff;
}

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